One of the new element used in the HTML5 is <nav>. The <nav> element in HTML5 is used to define the set of navigational links. This element is useful in grouping the links logically and giving the meaningful semantic markup which will be useful for the screen readers. This tutorial helps you to understand how to use this element in the web page. Not all the navigation links must be under the nav, only the major block of links has to be placed inside the nav tag.
The HTML5 specification says that:
The nav element represents a section of a page that links to other pages or to parts within the page: a section with navigation links. Not all groups of links on a page need to be in a nav element only sections that consist of major navigation blocks are appropriate for the nav element. In particular, it is common for footers to have a list of links to various key parts of a site, but the footer element is more appropriate in such cases, and no nav element is necessary for those links.
Syntax of <nav> Tag
<nav> element in HTML5 is supported in Firefox, Opera, Chrome, Internet Explorer 9 and Safari 6.†Using <nav> element we can combine all related links of site in a one web page. This element doesn’t have any attribute.
Example of <nav> Tag in HTML5
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8"> <title>HTML 5 Example by JavaBeat.net</title> </head> <body> <nav> <a href="http://www.javabeat.net/">Javbeat</a> | <a href="http://www.yahoo.com">Yahoo</a> | </nav> </body> </html>
Example Application Test
- Save the file as nav_example.html in your system.
- Just open the file in the browser, you will see the below picture in the browser. Note that the browser must support HTML5 specification.
When the execution process is completed successfully we will get the following output :